As human beings, while continuing our struggle against nature, we are in the lead in chaos, as the creator himself.
While climate change is seen as an “unbelievable” phenomenon, although it is based on scientific data, which is not taken seriously by some groups including important politicians, we are aware that this is a very serious threat.
Before we look for ways to relieve the chaos we have created, we must thoroughly observe, analyze and recognize it.
The American National Oceanic and Atmospheric Service (NOAA), the atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), measured at 417.16 ppm at Hawaii’s Mauna Loa Observatory in May 2020, at 417.16 ppm in May 2020, was the most witnessed in human history. He said it was at a high level. It is also estimated that there is more CO2 in the atmosphere than in the last 3 million years.
The annual rate of increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide intensity in the last 60 years is approximately 100 times faster than the natural increases that occurred at the end of the last Ice Age 11,000-17,000 years ago. We can treat this as a result and strong proof of human-sourced activities.
Second Warmest Year: 2019
Data obtained from research by NASA and NOAA showed that 2019 was the second hottest year measured since 1850. In the same study, it was stated that the global temperature average in 2019 was 0.98 oC higher than the 20th century average. In addition, the last 5 years have been recorded as the hottest period of the last 140 years.
This ongoing increase in average global temperatures leads to higher temperatures in the spring and summer seasons, to quickly melt the snow layer and therefore to dry the soil earlier and stay dry for too long.
High temperatures, low humidity and dry soils are the three main factors behind the increase in the risk of large-scale fire and the number of them. In late 2019, at least 35 people and millions of animals lost their lives in the fire that occurred when the summer was just beginning in Australia.
The Fall of the North Pole
The North Pole is expected to be completely free of ice by 2040.
The Arctic, known as the planet’s air conditioner, plays a critical role in regulating global temperatures by reflecting the rays coming from the sun into space thanks to its ice layer. Excessive increase in greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activities such as rapid population growth, industrialization, fossil fuel use, gradually increases the effect of global warming. As a result of this, the melting rate of the glaciers in the Arctic has been more than that of freezing in winter.
According to the report, no place in the world warmed more than the North Pole and Alaska in 2019. While a few degrees of increase will not be noticed in the Mediterranean coast, even a 1 degree increase in the Arctic causes large volumes of ice from the glaciers and an increase in water levels.
The Link Between Violence and Global Warming
Studies conducted by scientists for years investigate whether there is a link between increasing domestic and ethnic violence rates, assault and other violent crime and global warming.
Co-published by a respected professor of psychology and director of the Iowa State Center for Violence Research Craig Anderson and director of the Iowa State University Criminal and Justice Program and associate professor of sociology, Matt DeLisi; It has been suggested that even a small increase in average temperatures or unusual weather conditions can trigger violent behavior.
It has been mentioned that global warming can lead to regional conflicts between the sections, causing forced migrations due to natural events called “eco-migration”. For example, it was stated that many people moved from New Orleans to Houston after Hurricane Katrina, while shortly after immigration, attention was drawn to the increasing murders resulting from the clashes between New Orleans gangs and Houston gangs. Another example is the increase in domestic violence reports in India and Australia during drought periods.
A Sinking Capital Every Year: Jakarta
Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, is known today as one of the least livable cities in the world due to its tendency to floods, traffic congestion and pollution.
40% of Jakarta, which hosts more than 9 million people, is below sea level. It is stated that the capital has sunk by 20-25 cm per year due to the rise of sea levels due to climate change and uncontrolled use of groundwater resources in a large area as the soil layer collapses.
For these reasons, it was decided by the Indonesian government officials and parliament to move the capital Jakarta to the area in the Northern Penajam Paser and Kutai Kertangera region.
Combating climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing humanity this century. Unfortunately, it will not be enough to remember this problem only in extreme weather events. In order to slow down this problem, people need to achieve a serious transformation by changing their way of life, perspectives, production and manufacturing methods, and developing pragmatic solutions.