In a study to find the answer to how happy societies are formed, it was first based on an observation that covered a large number of countries from head to toe, showing that individuality predicts social happiness.That is, societies that care about the needs and goals of individuals tend to be happier.Still, it’s hardly understood why individualistic societies have more happiness rates.Just as individualists do, it can be said that the individual’s focus on his or her goals is a precursor to social happiness. But research challenges this assumption.
In more than 90 countries, data collected from over 100,000 individuals was analyzed. In individual societies, where four specific attitudes were largely supported, social happiness was found to be higher. These were tolerance, trust, civic participation and non-materialism.The relationship between these attitudes and happiness was very strong, and even if other factors, such as society’s wealth, were also taken into account, no change in outcomes was observed.
So do tolerance, trust, civic engagement and materialism have anything in common? Why are societies where these four attitudes are common happy? The simplest answer to this is that these four attitudes benefit other people. It’s obvious that being tolerant benefits the people around us. Likewise, trusting strangers can also benefit other people. Our personal civic engagement can provide us with personal benefits, but can also improve other people and society as a whole. And also not being materialistic deters people from their desire to accumulate money and goods and pushes them to focus more on other important issues.
These four attitudes can be considered “open society” attitudes, praising the philosopher Karl Popper, who espoused the values of tolerance, trust, civic engagement and non-materialism to sustain an open, democratic society. Popper’s propositions seem to make societies not only more liberal, but happier.
Interestingly, although these four “open society” attitudes benefit society as a whole, they do not directly support people’s individual satisfaction. People who approve of” open society ” attitudes are no more satisfied than people who are biased, suspicious, disagree with civil matters and are materialistic.
To create a happy society, attitudes that benefit those around us must be accepted, even if they do not directly benefit us. Happiness doesn’t come back to us through “destiny” when we treat someone well – it comes back indirectly when the people around us share attitudes that benefit others. In short, the happiest societies are those in which people exhibit attitudes that benefit others.
Basing social happiness on the effects of our other beneficial attitudes has important useful consequences. People who adopt open society attitudes don’t get much personal benefit. Therefore, if we want to increase social happiness, the incentives to adopt these attitudes should be regulated by governing bodies, International and local organisations, and every single person who wants a happier society.
Finally, although Open Society attitudes have arisen in societies that emphasize individualism, in many respects these values are highly collectivist. It should be remembered that even in individual cultures, the quality of society depends on how we treat each other.